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专访美卓制浆造纸和电力中国区总裁聂安凯(Aki Niemi)

放大字体  缩小字体发布日期:2013-05-21  来源:中国纸业网  作者:温昊旻  浏览次数:8702

美卓制浆造纸和电力中国区总裁聂安凯(Aki Niemi)先生简介:

Brief introduction of Mr. Aki Niemi, Area President, China, Pulp, Paper and Power, Metso:

芬兰赫尔辛基工业大学制浆造纸硕士毕业。从事造纸行业工作18年,与客户有着长期的联系。2013年2月份,被任命为美卓制浆造纸和电力中国区总裁,负责美卓在中国的全面业务。

Graduate from Helsinki University of Technology, Master Degree of pulping and papermaking industry. Worked in the paper industry for 18 years, Mr. Aki Niemi has a long-term contact with the custom­ers. In February 2013, was appointed as Area President, China, Pulp, Paper and Power, to be responsible for the whole business of Metso Pulp, Paper and Power in China.

Q: 您作为新上任的美卓中国区的总裁,您是怎样认识中国的造纸现状以及造纸工业未来的发展前景?

Q: You as a new Area President, how do you think of China's paper industry present situation and prospects of the development of papermaking industry in the future?

A: 我对中国的制浆造纸产业一直都非常的关注,我从业的18年以来,一直和中国客户在打交道,密切关注着中国制浆造纸工业的发展。在本世纪初的10年里,中国造纸工业经历了一个快速的发展过程, 基本保持在双位数的增长。而过去的两年里, 中国造纸工业逐步进入到一个平缓增长期,增长速度放慢。

A: I am always keeping eyes on China pulp and paper industry, in my 18 years working time, I have been working with Chinese customers since 1999, and closely be attention to the development of China pulp and paper industry. In the first 10 years of the new century, China pulp and paper industry experienced a fast development, the growth rate basically was even double digits, but, during past two years, China pulp and paper industry growing speed is slowing down, and gradually going into a mild growing time.

具体来看,经过2008年的金融危机之后,中国的制浆造纸产业的增长速度起伏较大,一方面,中国政府的经济刺激政策有一定的促进作用,另外一方面,中国出口业务增长减缓导致造纸产业投资速度放慢。 在这个过程中,美卓在2009年、2010年收获了市场中的大量订单。从2011年开始,整个制浆造纸产业出现了很多的不确定性,特别是去年中国造纸产业的产量增长仅仅为3.2% 左右, 纸和纸板产量净增加为350万吨, 其中由美卓供货的开机产能为260万吨。

Let us have a close look at the situation, after world financial crisis in 2008, the growth rate of China pulp and paper industry varied quite a lot. Because, on one side, it was boosted by Chinese government’s economical stimulus package and, on another side, it was dragged down by Chinese mild increase of export business. So, in 2009 and 2010, Metso got a large number of orders from market. But, since 2011, China pulp and paper industry had experienced a lot of uncertainties, in 2012, China paper and board production increase is only about 3.2%, i.e. the total net production increase is about 3.5 million tons, among that, 2.6 million tons new capacity added to the market are from Metso’s delivery.

中国的制浆造纸产业规模以上企业有4000多家,数量非常的庞大,产业的集中度低。中国市场上有最先进的技术,也有一些老的落后的技术,我们注意到这几年中国政府正在加大力度关停落后和污染严重的小的纸厂和生产线。所以,淘汰落后产能和进行兼并整合在未来几年会持续推进。

For China Pulp and Paper industry, the number of enterprises above designated size is very large, over 4000 pcs. Industry concentration is quite low. There are the most advanced technology in China market, also there are lots of out dated production, we noticed Chinese government is increasing its efforts to shut down those backward and heavy polluting small pulp and paper mills and production lines. So, in the coming years, we estimate that elimination of backward production capacity and A&M, integration will further continue.

在中国生活用纸市场正经历着快速的发展,过去20年里,全球新增产能的40%是在中国。近期市场投资依然非常的活跃,2020年前后,中国有望成为全球最大的生活用纸市场。但是在装备水平方面参差不齐、良莠并存。未来的投资将趋于高档化,即拥有先进技术的生产线。 值得一提的是美卓向中国客户供货的生活用纸生产线已经超过了24台,同时和中国客户共同创造了多个世界级的运行记录。

Household paper market in China is experiencing a rapid development over the past 20 years, 40% of the global new production capacity are in China. Recently, the market investment is still very active, it is predicted that China will be the world's largest household paper market in 2020. But the level of tissue making equipment is uneven in, good and bad coexist. Another one is the investment will go for high end product, which is asked to invest the advanced technology production line. It is worth mentioning that Metso had supplied more than 24 tissue production lines to customers in China, and work together with customers created several world-class operating records.

对于纸浆市场,有很多的不确定性,很难预计。首先,中国的纸浆原料比较缺乏,不像南美的原料比较充足和丰富。在未来,中国纸浆市场这一块可能会有新的项目。机械浆方面,市场上可能会有新的投资,但是,总体来说,中国的纸浆市场的发展将受到资源的限制。

For pulp, there are a lot of uncertainties, it is difficult to estimate. First of all, in China, there is lack of pulp raw material. It’s not like South America where there have plenty of raw materials. In the future, there might be new pulping projects in China. As for mechanical pulp, there might be new investments in the market, but, overall, China's pulp market is limited by the resources.

谈到未来,挑战是存在的。当然不仅我们的制浆造纸产业面临挑战,任何一个产业都会有挑战。我认为中国制浆造纸的产业发展趋势必然是要不断增长的。

If it comes to the future, there must be challenges in the future. Not only challenges in China pulp and paper industry, but also in any of the industries. I think the trend of the development of the pulp and paper industry is necessarily to grow up.

在很多的媒体报道中都谈到中国将来的发展会城镇化,那就意味着可能会有约3 到4亿的人口要移入到城市中,这些人必然会促进纸和纸板的消费;此外,社会福利也会不断进步,这些因素都会促进消费;同时,把回收的纸和纸板送到锅炉中燃烧获得能量再利用,这是一个可持续发展的产业,我们的产业必然是要不断前进;还有网购的不断发展也会促进包装的需求,包装的需求会推进进纸业的不断发展。

Many media reported the development of China's future urbanization, it means there may be about 300 to 400 million people will move into the cities, these people will inevitably drive the consumption of paper and board; In addition, welfare will be improved continually, these factors will promote consumption; One more thing is fueling the recycled paper and paperboard to boiler gains energy reuse, which is a sustainable development industry, So the industry is necessarily to move forward; Also, the e-business develops continually, after customers place the online orders, the goods need packing, packaging demand will promote the development of paper industry.

 
关键词:美卓
 
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